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What is the vaccination schedule for yak?

Disease

Vaccine

Dose(ml)

Schedule

Foot and Mouth disease

FMD Vaccine
Raksha FMD vaccine

5 ml
3 ml

Twice in a year
September & March

Haemorrhagic Septicaemia

Alum ppt. H.S. Vaccine
H.S. vaccine

  5 ml 
3 ml

Annually before monsoon (twice a year in endemic areas)

Black quarter

Alum ppt. B.Q. vaccine

5 ml

Annually before monsoon

Brucellosis

Brucella cotton - 19 strain vaccine

5 ml

Only once i.e. at 4-8 months of age in females in problem herds.

 
What are deworming schedule for yak?

Type of worm

Deworming schedule

Roundworms

First dose at 10 days of age and thereafter at monthly interval upto 6 months
Thrice a year in animals above 6 months of age

Liver Flukes

Twice in a year in endemic areas (before and after monsoon)

Tapeworms

Twice a year i.e. in January and June in calves in problem herds

 
 
 
 
What are the common diseases and symptoms in yak?

Diseases

Symptoms

Bacterial diseases

  • HS
  • Black Quarter

 

High fever, dyspnea, swelling of throat region.
High fever, crepitating swelling and lameness.

Viral diseases

  • FMD
  • Rabies

 

Fever, vesicles and ulcers on tongue, lameness.
Drooling of saliva, bite either animate or inanimate objects, paralysis

Protozoan diseases

  • Theileriosis
  • Babesiosis
  • Anaplasmosis

 

High fever, dyspnea, Swelling of superficial lymph nodes.
High fever, anaemia, coffee coloured urine.
High fever, Jaundice, emaciation.

Endo parasites

Diarrhea, pot belly, stunted growth, rough body coat.

Ecto parasites

Restlessness, alopecia, decreased milk production.

 
What is the control of measures for common external parasites in yak?
For animal Deltamethrin (Butox) 5 ml/lit water applied externally
For housing premises Malathion 0.5% spray (Animal shed) and Sumithion 1 % spray
What is the prophylactic measures for clean milk?
First stripping of milk should be checked carefully.
Udder should completely be evacuated in each milking.
Teat dip solutions like iodophores / savalon should be applied on teats after the milking.
Milking should be carried out with full hand.
Ensure that animal should not sit immediately after milking (i.e. it has to stand up at least 10-20 minutes once milking is done).
Proper hygiene of animal, milking byre, milker shed and milking utensils needs to be maintained
   
What do you mean by a complete feed? How do it is prepared?
A Complete feed is consists of roughages and concentrate mixtures and it may be in mash, pelleted or in block form. For preparing complete feed, forage, concentrate ingredients and additives/ supplements are blended together as to get the required quantity of protein/ energy/ minerals/ vitamins. The complete feed system would help in utilizing the locally available crop residues, agro-industrial by products and wastes that are fit for animal feeding. Usually roughage and concentrate ratio is being maintained as 60:40. Complete feed provides the best avenue to incorporate the urea in the ration of livestock. For high yielding cows 50:50 roughage: concentrate is usually adequate.
What is complete feed block?
Complete feed block is an intimate mixture of processed ingredients including roughage and concentrate parts designed to be the sole source of feed in compressed form. It may be square, circular or quadrangular depending on the type of dye used in the machine.
       Complete Feed Block Technology (CFBT) is the latest development in the direction to exploit the potential of locally available animal feed resources besides using non-conventional feed resources in a better way that makes livestock farming an economically viable enterprise to fulfill the increasing demands of growing human population in the state.
 
How to select bull yak for breeding?
A bull is equal to half of the herd. Therefore, selection of bulls with superior traits is desirable to improve the production of the herd. In organized herd, bulls are selected initially on the basis of the performance of mother (dam) and breeding soundness like libido, semen qualities and physical structure. Subsequently their semen is used through artificial insemination (AI) to produce calves. Selection of bulls is finally made on the basis of performance of their progenies. Under field condition similar procedure may be adopted, if possible to select superior bulls.
How to maintain low inbreeding? Is artificial insemination (AI) service is available?
Use of some bulls to cover a yak population for larger period will cause inbreeding i.e. The variation in the herd will be less and there will be reduced performance of growth, production immunity etc. To reduced inbreeding bulls of different origin may be used i.e. variation is introduced in the herd. Bulls used for two years in a herd may be exchanged with bulls of another herd will help in reducing inbreeding. The AI technique is useful for the purpose.
At National Research Centre on yak (NRCY), Dirang, Arunachal Pradesh superior bulls are selected in the farm; their semen is tested and frozen for further use.  From single ejaculation only one cow is inseminated, whereas 200 cows can be inseminated through AI. NRCY provides AI service to farmers as well as providing selected bulls to the farmers for natural service also and this is helping to reduce inbreeding under field condition.
Is there any technology to improve productive and reproductive efficiency of yak?
Yes. Artificial Insemination (A.I.) technology is available with the institute.
 
How to avail the technology for improving productive and reproductive efficiency of yak and what is expected from the farmers end for effective use of the technology?
The concerned Reporting Officer, Dr. G. Krishnan (Cell No-09435110873), and the Public Grievance Redressal Officer, Dr. U. A. Nandankar (Cell No-09402822371)   may be contacted for availing the technology.
Requirement from the farmers end
  Detect heat of the yak
  Separate the yak on heat from the bulls
  Inform above Reporting Officers immediately 
  Arrangement will be done for A.I. within 12 hrs of heat
 
  
   
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